This Year’s Mental Health Awareness Week – Article Two

Last month we released part one of our article on personality disorders – it was released in anticipation of this week’s Mental Health Awareness week and can be found by clicking here.

Article two will focus on the different types of personality disorders that exist.

Different Types of Personality Disorders

There are three broad clusters of personality disorders.

Cluster A – odd or eccentric behaviour is considered to be central.  For example, schizotypal, schizoid and paranoid types of behaviour.

Cluster B – disorders in which dramatic and erratic emotional responses are common.

Cluster C – in which anxious and fearful behaviours disorders are central.

Mental Health Awareness 1

Cluster A Personality Disorders

Typical Cluster A Personality Disorders include:

  • Paranoid Personality Disorder – by nature sufferers will experience a distrust of others as well as irrational suspicions
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  • Schizoid Personality Disorder – defined by a disinterest in engaging in social relationships and spending time with others. Also often unable to find pleasure in enjoyable activities and will spend time contemplating one’s own mental and emotional state.
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  • Schizotypal personality disorder – typical characteristics include odd behaviour or thinking.
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    Cluster B Personality Disorders

    Typical Cluster B Personality Disorders include:

  • Antisocial personality disorder – characterised by an ignorance of the entitlements of others, the absence of empathy, and usually a pattern of consistent criminal activity.
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  • Borderline personality disorder – extreme ‘black and white’ thinking and long term unstable emotions; particularly when involving relationships, identity and behaviour. These feeling can lead to both self-harm and impulsive behaviour.
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  • Histrionic personality disorder – attention seeking behaviour that often includes inappropriate seductive conduct and superficial or inflated emotions.
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  • Narcissistic personality disorder – characterised by the consistent need for praise and admiration and a belief that they are special and ‘entitled’. Extreme jealousy, arrogance and a lack of empathy are also usually present.
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    Cluster C Personality Disorders

    Typical Cluster C Personality Disorders include:

  • Avoidant personality disorder – feeling socially inhibited and inadequate is common, as is extreme sensitivity to any form of criticism or evaluation that may be interpreted as negative.
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  • Dependent personality disorder – an extreme psychological dependence upon others.
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  • Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder – this is not the same as obsessive-compulsive disorder, and is characterised by conforming to rules and moral codes on a severe and unyielding basis. Excessive orderliness is also usually present.
  • Mental Health Awareness 2

    This Mental Health Awareness week, let’s be the ones who are proactive not reactive when dealing with mental health. Let’s be the ones to safeguard ourselves because we go that extra mile. Let’s be the ones who help reduce stigma that still remains prevalent in the mental health field. Let’s be the one in transcendence because we are wise and knowledgeable.

    I hope you have found this useful, if you would like to learn more you can!  Click here to find out more about Mental Health Awareness and the other courses we offer.  If you’re interested in any of them, then fill out the form on each course quoting “Mental Health Awareness Week” to receive a 10% discount.  Alternatively, email me at jdonohoe@adullam.org.uk with Mental Health Awareness Week as the subject line.